culturalrollercoaster

Cross-cultural insights and questions from home and abroad


2 Comments

Why LINGUISTS get ANNOYED when you ask what language they study…

Hello, Hola, Salut, Olá ! 

MA-Language-Cognition

What do Linguists study anyway???

Degelitos is back after a long WordPress break with some more interesting topics! Today I’m gonna try to break down in simple English what Linguistics is. Hope you got a minute.

Although it is very common for linguists to be bilingual, trilingual, or even polyglots, some or even many are actually monolingual. So today I am going to explain how it is possible for a linguist to be monolingual by explaining my version of the world of linguistics.

First of all, linguistics is an interdisciplinary field which cover all subjects that have a relation to “language”.

In English the word language poses some issues right from the start. Language can refer to the type of language used within a language (such as your native language) or it can refer to a foreign language/tongue (a second language). I think the biggest problem here is that most people think linguistics is only about foreign tongues, but let me tell you that is not the case. Linguists study language within a specific tongue (language) such as English, and/or they study linguistic phenomenons in foreign languages such as grammatical structures or dialects of Arabic. This is the first important point.

 

In other languages, like Spanish or French, there are two words to carefully distinguish one type of “language” from the other. In Spanish lengua means tongue (world language if you will) and lenguaje means language, like the type of language you use such as formal/informal. So when someone asks a linguist in Spanish what they study, one doesn’t necessarily assume foreign languages.

linguistics4

Since there are different subfields of linguistics a linguist can specialize in different areas of the field such as psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, morphology, semantics, typology, phonetics, phonology, syntax, grammar, dialects, language acquisition (of a first, second, or third language), translation, interpretation, computational linguistics, animal communication, or even anthropology. You can also be interested in making up new languages and become a conlanger. Conlangers are the linguists who create fake languages for movies and video games. I’m sure I’m forgetting some… please feel free to comment.

I personally am interested more in sociolinguistics, dialectology, and phonetics. What does this mean? It means, my personal linguistic interests are related to language its role in society and particular sounds or phonological traits of a language or dialect.  How you and others speak has an effect on society even in a monolingual environment. Studying foreign languages is cool, but also studies different varieties (or dialects) of the same language can be cool too!

Linguists1

Back to my point about how linguists can be monolingual… Imagine I was monolingual. I’m not, but I definitely do not speak Vietnamese for example. I do however, thanks to studying linguistics, understand some things about how the Vietnamese language works. I don’t assume every language has the same grammatical processes as my native language. In Vietnamese (correct me if I’m wrong) there are many ways to say hello, and they way you say it depends on who you’re talking to and the level of respect you want to show them. How do you say these hellos? I do not know, I learned and I forgot. Another interesting feature of Vietnamese is that it´s a tonal language which means you can have the same 1 syllable word, and the tone you put on it changes the meaning completely. My favorite example is how you say table and friend, to the English speaker these words might sound the same because our ears aren’t as sensitive to the tones. Bàn means table which has a descending tone (I believe) and bạn means friend and it has another tone. Keeping these things in mind help us understand the difficulties speakers might have in learning other languages with different typical features. 

linguistics3

Anyway I hope that’s enough of an introduction for now. PLEASE FEEL FREE TO COMMENT ON or CORRECT any mistakes I have here.

If you didn´t already know much about linguistics, I hope you learned something today. Also feel free to put in the comments any linguistic particularities that you find in your native language or a language you speak.

linguistics2

 

Advertisements


Leave a comment

GET NASTY! Really cool way to MASTER a Foreign Language!

Are you currently studying a foreign language? Do you feel like your level is pretty good but it has hit a plateau and isn’t quite getting to where you would like it? Follow my advice, send me a writing sample, and you will already begin to improve!

Tengo unos TIPS for you !!

Something I did when I started getting about learning French was I began writing letters to friends about what’s going on with me currently. But what REALLY helped me improve was creative writing

Write something raunchy in the foreign language you’re studying. Write a short story, write what ever. It doesn’t even have to make sense. 

-Find a buddy who is willing to go over your writing. Make sure it’s someone you trust and feel comfortable being silly and nasty with. Obviously, it’s much more beneficial when your partner in crime is a native speaker. If they are not a native speaker then someone who is more advanced than you. 

-Consult http://www.wordreference.com when looking up words. This website is great because it often times gives you a translation with context. But you are not only limited to this website.

-Get creative. Don’t only write about logical things. The more imaginitive you get the more new vocabulary you will pick up.

-Watch foreign films in the language of study to help inspire you.

-DO NOT TRANSLATE YOUR STORY FROM ENGLISH, this will only hinder your grammar. When learning a foreign language we cannot translate literally.

-If you have a grammar doubt ask a friend or Google it!

-Ask your language buddy for equivalents of expressions or phrases in their foreign language.

-Look up profanity and slang in your foreign language, it will make learning that much more fun! If studying Spanish search country specific because slang changes from one Spanish-speaking country to another. Ejemplo/Example: “I’m feeling naughty” (in the sexual sense) could be translated into Spanish as: “Me siento traviesa”

-Join a Meetup group at http://www.meetup.com. There are plenty of foreign language groups with people dying to do language exchanges!

Even if you are not a writer, I GUARENTEE that writing a nasty, funny, or ridiculous story in a foreign language will improve your level. Ofcourse reading and practicing in person helps too, but when we write we realize that we might be less precise than we thought!

Spanish, English and French learners, feel free to send me one of your silly stories and I’ve love to help you correct it. If you want me to post your story on my blog for laughs I’m also open to that!

Find your language buddy today!